This is the faculty of the last edition

GIUSEPPE CITERIO, course Director

Giuseppe Citerio is a Professor of Anesthesia and Intensive Care at the Milano Bicocca University, School of Medicine and Surgery, the Director of Anesthesia and Neurosurgical Intensive Care, at San Gerardo Hospital, ASST-Monza.

He started the Neurointensive and Neuroanesthesia service in the early 1990s at San Gerardo Hospital in Monza, after a previous experience at the San Raffaele Hospital in Milan. While at the Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit, he has actively participated in national and international research networks, such as BrainIT and CenterTBI. Dr. Citerio has also been involved in numerous research protocols and drug trials, many times acting at the principal investigator. His research activities are focused on TBI, subarachnoid hemorrhage, neuroanesthesia, neurointensive care, and brain death/organ donation. He has published more than 420 indexed articles and has an H index of 51. He has participated in the development of international guidelines on the treatment of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage and neuromonitoring. In addition, he edited the book "Oxford Textbook of Neurocritical Care" (Oxford University Publisher, 2016) with other international colleagues.

He has developed more than 50 courses in Italy and Europe on Neurointensive Care topics, and last but not least, created a Summer School program at UNIMIB on NeuroIntensive Care that took place for the first time in 2017.

Dr. Citerio acted as an Associate Editor for Intensive Care Medicine from 2007 to 2012 and then became a Deputy Editor from 2013 to 2018. He is currently the Editor-in-Chief of the journal from 2019.

He is the past Chair of the Division of Scientific Affairs of the European Society of Intensive Care (ESICM), an Executive Committee member ESICM and, for three years, was the Chair of the Annual Meeting ESICM and regional congresses.

School of Medicine, University of Milano-Bicocca and ASST-MONZA, NeuroIntensive Care Unit, Monza, Italy


Gianpaolo Basso is Associate Professor in Neuroradiology at University of Milano-Bicocca since 2017.

Previously, research fellow in Neuroimaging at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Baltimora (MD), USA (2003-2004) and visiting Associate Scientist in cognitive sciences and functional neuroimaging at Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIH) - Cognitive Neuroscience Section del NINDS, Bethesda (MD), USA (1996-1998).

He obtained his Medical Degree at the School of Medicine at the University of Trieste, then a PhD degree in "Neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, neuropsychology and functional neuroimaging" at the University of Parma, Italy. He has double specialization in Neurology and Radiology.

School of Medicine, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy


Dr. Claassen is an Associate Professor of Neurology and the Director of Critical Care Neurology at Columbia University. He is an Associate Attending Physician at NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center and the Medical Director of the Neurocritical Care Unit. Dr. Claassen received his medical degree from the University of Hamburg, Germany, and completed residency training in Neurology, and Fellowship training in Neurocritical Care and Epilepsy at Columbia University. He is board certified in Neurology and Neurocritical Care.

Dr Claassen is a nationally and internationally recognized expert in the treatment of neurological intensive care. He is an expert in coma, status epilepticus and brain hemorrhages. He served on the board of directors and as the co-chair for guidelines development for the Neurocritical Care Society. He has championed the use of innovative brain monitoring techniques including continuous EEG monitoring. His sits on the editorial board of Annals of Neurology and Neurocritical Care.

Dr Claassen’s research characterizes physiologic changes following acute brain injury, focusing on novel treatment approaches to potentially improve patient outcomes. He is a widely recognized expert on disorders of consciousness.

Department of Neurology, Division of Critical Care and Hospitalist Neurology, Columbia University, New York - USA


Carlo Giussani is Associate Professor of Neurosurgery at the Università degli Studi Milano-Bicocca from 2015. Director of Neurosurgery of Ospedale San Gerardo, Monza, Italy an chief of the Residency Program in Neurosurgery at the Università degli Studi Milano-Bicocca. From July 2017 affiliated he's Associate Professor of Neurological Surgery at the Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

PhD in Neuropsychology degree at the University Paul Sabatier of Toulouse, France, under the direction of Professor Franck-Emmanuel Roux and Professor Jean François Dèmonet (2011).

Previous research Fellow at the Brain Tumor Laboratory of the Department of Neurosurgery of Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston under the direction of Professor Peter M. Black (2001-2002). Resident at the Dept. of Neurosurgery, Universite’ Paul Sabatier de Toulouse, France fellowship in Brain Tumor Surgery and Human Brain Mapping. Service de Neurochirurgie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Purpan, Toulouse, France under the direction of Professor Franck-Emmanuel Roux (2005-2006). Neuro-Oncology and Brain Mapping Fellow at the Division of Neurosurgery, Dept. of Neurological Sciences of the Universita’ degli Studi di Milano, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, IRCCS , Milano under the direction of Professor Sergio Maria Gaini (2007). Senior Fellow in Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dept. of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Seattle WA under the direction of Professor Richard G. Ellenbogen (2008-2009).

The surgical activity is focused on adult and pediatric Neuro-Oncology, Brain Trauma, Hydrocephalus, Pediatric Neurosurgery (craniofaciostenosis and hydrocephalus) and Vascular Neurosurgery.

The research activity is focused on adult and pediatric translational neuro-oncology, human brain mapping and hydrocephalus.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Milan-Bicocca, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy.


Dr. David Greer is Professor and Chair of the Department of Neurology at Boston University School of Medicine and the Richard B. Slifka Chief of Neurology at Boston Medical Center.

He is the editor-in-chief of Seminars in Neurology, and the immediate past editor-in-chief for Neurocritical Care on Call. He has authored more than 250 peer-reviewed manuscripts, reviews, chapters, guidelines and books.

His research interests include predicting recovery from coma after cardiac arrest, brain death, and multiple stroke-related topics, including acute stroke treatment, temperature modulation and stroke prevention.

Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA


Raimund Helbok is Assoc. Professor Neurology and specialist in Neurocritical Care at the Neurological Intensive Care Unit, Medical University of Innsbruck, in Innsbruck, Austria.

He did his medical training at the Medical University of Innsbruck and obtained a Master Degree in Clinical Tropical Medicine at Mahidol University in Bangkok, Thailand. After his training in General Medicine and Neurology he conducted his research fellowship at the Division of Neurocritical Care, Department of Neurology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, USA.

Dr. Helbok’s clinical practice covers the spectrum of neurology and neurocritical care, including the management of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, status epilepticus, neuromuscular diseases, autoimmune encephalitis and neuroinfectious diseases.

His major research interest is monitoring of the central nervous system in critical care patients with primary head injury as tool to prevent secondary brain injury. He has conducted many academic studies in the field of advanced neuromonitoring techniques including cerebral microdialyis, brain oxygen monitoring and electroencephalography with specific interest in “cortical spreading depolarisations”. Another field of interest is infectious diseases involving the central nervous system based on clinical care of patients with i.e. meningitis, encephalitis, brain abscess and his academic degree in clinical tropical medicine. He is collaborator of different international trials and is involved in guidelines and consensus conferences. He is active member of several national and international societies, i.e. European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM, neurocritical care section), European Academy of Neurology (EAN, scientific committee neurocritical care and neuroinfectious diseases), Austrian Society of Neurology.

Medical University of Innsbruck Department of Neurology, Neurocritical Care Unit, Innsbruck, Austria


Dr. Claude Hemphill is Professor of Neurology and Neurological Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco and Chief of Neurology and Director of Neurocritical Care at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital. His research focuses on advanced neuromonitoring, informatics, and management of intracerebral hemorrhage. He is a founding director and Past-President of the Neurocritical Care Society and is a member of the editorial board of Neurocritical Care. His work has been previously funded by the National Institutes of Health through a K23 Career Development Award to study intracerebral hemorrhage and as PI of the San Francisco hub of the Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trials Network to conduct clinical trials for various neuroemergencies such as traumatic brain injury, status epilepticus, and stroke. He is the current co-chair of the Neurocritical Care Research Network and of the Curing Coma Campaign of the Neurocritical Care Society. He also served as chair of the writing groups for the 2015 American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Guidelines for the Management of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage and the 2018 Clinical Performance Measures for Adults Hospitalized with Intracerebral Hemorrhage.

University of California San Francisco, USA; Director of Neurocritical Care, Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, USA


Marcello Massimini, now Full Professor of Human Physiology at University of Milan, was trained as a medical doctor and devoted his career so far to understanding how the excitability and connectivity of cortical circuits is organized in space and how it changes across different brain states, such as wakefulness, sleep, anesthesia and coma. His research path spanned from intracellular recordings in animal models during sleep and anesthesia to multimodal (EEG, TMS, MRI) recordings in healthy humans and patients. Over the last 10 years he has focused on connecting concepts from basic neurophysiology and theoretical neuroscience to human brain in heath and disease. In doing so, he has established himself among the world experts in field of the neurophysiology of consciousness and its disorders following brain damage. Along this line, he has recently coordinated (together with Nikolas Schiff at Cornell University, NY) a large international effort endorsed by the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology to produce the latest recommendations for the use and interpretation of spontaneous and evoked EEG on coma. Technically, he has pioneered and validated an original approach to the human brain, whereby the properties of human thalamocortical circuits can be studied non-invasively by means of direct perturbations and recordings using simultaneous transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroencephalography (TMS/EEG).

University of Milan, Department of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, Milan, Italy


David Menon is Professor and Head of the Division of Anaesthesia, Principal Investigator in the Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre, and Co-Chair of the Acute Brain Injury Programme at the University of Cambridge. In 2013 he was re-appointed as NIHR Senior Investigator as one of the NIHR’s pre-eminent researchers.

He trained in Medicine, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care at the Jawaharlal Institute in India, Leeds General Infirmary, The Royal Free Hospital and Addenbrooke’s Hospital, and was an MRC Research Fellow at the Hammersmith Hospital prior to coming to Cambridge.

In 2006 he was appointed to the British Oxygen Professorship at the Royal College of Anaesthetists. He is Co-Chair of the Executive Board of the European Brain Injury Consortium, is a Founding Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, and a Professorial Fellow in the Medical Sciences at Queens’ College, Cambridge.

He was the first Director of the Neurosciences Critical Care Unit (NCCU) at Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, where he established the first recognised training programme for specialist neurocritical care in the UK. Protocols developed in the Addenbrooke’s NCCU have been shown to improve clinical outcome in severe head injury and rationalise the management of acute intracranial haemorrhage.

Professor Menon’s research interests include neurocritical care, secondary brain injury, neuroinflammation, and metabolic imaging of acute brain injury. He has also published on the physiology of coma and the vegetative state, and on mechanisms of anaesthetic action in the brain. In recent years he has represented the UK intensive care community in discussions regarding the impact of evolving legislative changes on research in critical care and emergency medicine.

University of Cambridge, Department of Medicine, Cambridge, UK


Geert Meyfroidt is Professor of Medicine at the University of Leuven and Consultant Intensivist at the University Hospitals Leuven, in Belgium. He is funded by the Flemish Government as Senior Clinical Investigator. Current research projects include: data mining and predictive modeling in neuro-intensive care and acute kidney injury; clinical and laboratory studies on cerebrovascular autoregulation; ketamine and brain injury; convalescent plasma for COVID-19. He is president of the Belgian Society of Intensive Care Medicine, and chair of the Neuro-Intensive Care section of ESICM.

Intensive Care Medicine, UZ Leuven, Belgium


Virginia Newcombe is a consultant in Neurosciences and Trauma Critical Care Medicine and Emergency Medicine at Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge. She is a Royal College of Emergency Medicine Associate Professor and holds an Academy of Medical Sciences and Health Foundation Clinician Scientist Fellowship. Her main research interests focus on prognostication, neuroimaging and the use of biomarkers after traumatic brain injury.

University Division of Anaesthesia, University of Cambridge, UK


Chiara Robba is a Consultant in Anesthesia and Intensive Care at Policlinico San Martino, Genova. She worked many years in the Neurocritical Care Unit at Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, and she got her PhD in Neuroscience at the University of Genova under the supervision of Prof Marek Czosnyka. Her research is focused on neuromonitoring techniques and in particular on the use of Brain Ultrasound in different clinical settings. She is author of several peer reviewed publications mainly on the field of Neurointensive Care and Mechanical Ventilation, and speaker at many national and international conferences. She is now the Chair of the Neurointensive Care Section of the European Society of Intensive Care.

Policlinico San Martino, Anesthesia and Intensive care, Genova, Italy


Elisa R. Zanier obtained her medical doctor degree at the University of Milano, Italy in 1998 and completed her residency in Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine in 2002. She spent her post-doctoral period at the Neurotrauma Laboratory-Neurosurgery Division, University of Los Angeles, California (UCLA), USA. From 2004 to 2008 she worked as Neurointensivist and Anesthesiologis in the Neuro-Intensive Care Unit, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano. Since 2008 she is appointed at the Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy where she directs the Laboratory of Acute Brain Injury and Therapeutic Strategies. She is member of the PINK Concussions Professional Advisory Board Member (PINK Pro AB), of the Translational Biology Group (TBG) within the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine ESICM, and of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Intensive Care Medicine Experimental and Frontiers in Neurology – section Neurotrauma.

Laboratory of Acute Brain Injury and Therapeutic Strategies, Head Dept of Neuroscience Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Italy


Training in Neurology and Sleep Medicine in Lugano, Berne, Lausanne (Switzerland). Clinical research fellowship in Boston, MA (USA) (2004-2005).

Current position (since 2007): Director, EEG and epilepsy unit, Department of Neurology, CHUV University Hospital, Lausanne (Switzerland). Academic titles: University of Lausanne (Switzerland): associate professor (2017); University of Copenhagen / Roskilde (DK): adjunct professor (2018). Fellow of the American Epilepsy Society (2017).

Principal research axes:

  • Status epilepticus.

  • Prognostication of postanoxic coma.

Department of clinical neuroscience, University Hospital (CHUV) and University of Lausanne, Switzerland.


Claudio Sandroni is assistant professor of Intensive Care at the Medical Faculty of the Catholic University School of Medicine and Senior Consultant at Agostino Gemelli University Hospital in Rome, Italy. He is responsible for post-cardiac arrest management in a 20-bed Intensive Care Unit.

As a researcher in the field of resuscitation, he focused on the epidemiology and treatment of in-hospital cardiac arrest, post-anoxic brain injury, and post-resuscitation care. In 2013, he conducted the first systematic review on predictors of neurological outcome in cardiac arrest. This evidence review informed the first edition of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) and the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) Guidelines on Post-Resuscitation Care (2015) in which he participated as a senior author.

Dr. Sandroni is Chair of the Trauma and Emergency Medicine (TEM) Section of ESICM and member of the Editorial Board of Intensive Care Medicine, Official ESICM Journal. He also serves as a member of the ERC Advanced Life Support (ALS) Working Group and as a member of the Editorial Board of Resuscitation, Official ERC Journal. He has been appointed ERC Fellow (FERC) in 2011.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore - Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli - Rome, Italy


Martin Smith is Honorary Consultant in Neuroanaesthesia and Neurocritical Care at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College London Hospitals, and Honorary Professor in the Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, University College London. He has a clinical and research interest in monitoring and managing the acutely injured brain. Martin is Past President of the Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology and Critical Care, and the Neuroanaesthesia and Critical Care Society of Great Britain and Ireland. He is Editor-In-Chief of the Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology.

National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College London Hospitals, London - UK


Romain Sonneville is Professor of intensive care medicine at the Bichat Claude Bernard university hospital, APHP, université de Paris, France. He finished his training in neurology and intensive care medicine in 2007. He completed his PhD at the university of Leuven, Belgium. Currently, he is engaged in clinical care and research projects in the field of acute brain injury, sepsis, and neurologic complications of critical illness.

Université de Paris, INSERM UMR1148 and Médecine intensive – Réanimation, AP-HP, Hôpital Bichat - Claude Bernard, Paris, France


Nino Stocchetti is Director of Neuroscience Intensive Care, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano, Italy and Full professor of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care at University of Milan. He obtained both his Medical degree and Specialization in Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care at University of Parma.

Firstly, he worked as staff physician and then second in charge at the Intensive Care Unit at the Hospital of Parma. Research Fellowship at the Division of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Virginia (Virginia Commonwealth University), Richmond, USA.

Fields of interest: physiopathology of secondary cerebral damage; intracranial pressure monitoring and control; coupling of cerebral blood flow and metabolism in head trauma; subarachnoid haemorrhage; guidelines development; computer-based data acquisition and analysis; database design and implementation for head injury.

Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation University of Milan and Neuro ICU Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan


Fabio S. Taccone is Professor at the Department of Intensive Care of Hopital Erasme and Professor of Emergency Medicine at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) in Brussels (Belgium). He received his medical degree from the University of Naples, Italy (SUN) in 2000 and obtained post-graduate licenses in Internal Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine at ULB. He obtained in October 2014 his PhD doctoral degree with a thesis on cerebral microcirculation during sepsis. Pr. Taccone has a large area of interest in critical care medicine, with a particular research in antibiotic pharmacokinetics, brain injury, microcirculation during severe infections, therapeutic hypothermia as a neuro-protective strategy and ECMO. He has authored more than 220 scientific publications in peer-reviewed journals and is Section Editor of Minerva Anestesiologica and BMC Emergency Medicine. He is also Chair of the Neuro-Intensive Care section of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) since 2016 and member of the Advisory Board of the International Symposium of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (ISICEM) since 2011 as well of two different Working Groups at EuroELSO.

Department of Intensive Care, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Bruxelles, Belgium


Lindsay Wilson began his career as a research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Psychiatry in Munich. The Max Planck for Psychiatry encouraged collaboration between basic and clinical neurosciences in understanding the effects of brain injury - a model that influenced his subsequent work. After coming to Stirling he collaborated with colleagues at the Institute of Neurological Sciences in Glasgow, and was an Honorary Senior Research Fellow in Neurosurgery. He was Head of Psychology at Stirling for six years, and has been Professor of Psychology since 1998. He has strong international links, with a current focus on outcomes and quality of life after brain injury.

University of Stirling, Division of Psychology, Stirling, UK